Automation is one kind of design and application of technologies which helps us to create and deliver products and services with minimal human action. The implementation of automation technologies improves the productivity, reliability, velocity and speed of other tasks that humans performed before.
Automation helps save a lot of time and trouble and at the same time, it helps get a job more directly. Artificial robotization involves the use of robots, control systems, and computers to handle and perform certain operations. Fortune Business Perceptive reported that the global artificial robotization request will reach 296.70 billion bones by 2026. Nowadays Automation use in different areas like manufacturing industries, transport, automobile industries, pharmaceutical industries, electronic industries, defense, facilities and also information technology.
Types of Automation:
- Fixed Automation
- Programmable Automation
- Flexible Automation
Fixed automation is a type of automation in which the system stays fixed by the way it designed before. For example; this is flow production, where products are being made previously. Fixed automation is costly but also provides high production rates. But sometimes it is not flexible when we need to make changes on products. It is mostly beneficial for food products companies which use one type of automation. Foods which need chemical processes, use this automation to make sure the regularity of the chemical processes.
Advantages of Fixed Automation:
- High condition of product
- Suitable quality in product
- Low cost per unit produced
Disadvantages of Fixed Automation:
- High original cost
- Delicate to contain the changes
permits the production equipment and automation to be changed according to needs. The automation is controlled through a program that can be coded in specific ways to change the sequence of automation. The production rate is low to medium level. Programmable automation is generally used in those factories who make different variants of foods. It permits them to create batches like from a few dozens to thousands in a single time. It can be reprogrammed again when the product needs any change.
Advantages of Programmable Automation:
- Inflexibility to change products if demanded
- Suitable if batch product is needed
Disadvantages of Programmable Automation:
- Precious for outfit
- Lower product situations
- Frequently time- consuming to change products
is like programmable automation but a little more different or complex. Flexible automation allows the production of various products without any time losing when it reprograms. A flexible automation can give various different types of products and don’t separate them into individual batches because it is required in batch production. It gives medium levels of production.
Advantages of Flexible Automation:
- Inflexibility of products
- No time lost with new changes to product
Disadvantages of Flexible Automation:
- High custom cost
- Advanced cost per unit
We need automation in the Industrial field
We know that there are a multitude of benefits when we customize automation in the Industrial field. In every field, Automation provides so many advantages that we can’t describe in words. Automation is able to greatly perfect the effectiveness of manufacturing operations at the same time it reduces costs. It also allows one single installation to produce a variety of products and boost affairs. Here are some reasons given for which we need automation:
Lower cost: Although the original investment in artificial robotization systems might be rather high, enforcing this technology will result in a reduction of data analytics costs. Robots can perform the work of three to five people, depending on the task. In addition to savings on the cost of labor, energy savings can also be significant due to lower heating conditions in automated operations. Robots simplify the processes and increase the weakness part which means minimum material waste for your operation.
Advanced worker safety: Automation removes workers from dangerous tasks. Our workers will thank us for securing them against the danger. It’s safer to use robots on product lines with dangerous working conditions for humans. In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Act was passed in 1970 with the end of perfecting job safety and guarding workers.
Capability to be more competitive: Automation allows us to drop cycle times and cost-per- piece while perfecting quality. This allows us to have more content on a global scale. Also the inflexibility of robots allows us to convert a cell to exceed the ability of our competition.
Increased product affair: A robot has the capability to work at a constant speed, 24/7. That means we have got the chance to produce further. It improves productivity and reduces assembly times.New products can be more quickly introduced into the product process and new product programming can be done offline with no confusion to be processed.
Advanced part product and quality: Automation generally performs the manufacturing process with lower changeability than individual workers. This results in lower control and thickness of product quality. By means of adaptive control and monitoring in different stages and artificial processes, this is useful in excluding mortal error and therefore helps the quality and unity of the products offered. The performance isn’t reduced after several hours of nonstop work.
Lower environmental particle: By joining the outfit and processes, reducing break up and using lower space, robotization uses lower energy. Reducing our environmental footprint can save real capitalism.
Reduce need for outsourcing: Automation has large quantities of complete capacity concentrated in one compact system. This allows shops to produce corridors in- house that have preliminarily been outsourced.
Optimal application of bottom space: Robots are designed on compact bases to fit in confined spaces. Robots can mount on walls, ceilings, rail tracks and shelves. They can perform tasks in confined spaces, saving you precious bottom space.
Easy integration: Productivity will work with us to give a complete system : hardware, software and controls. It will be proven out at Productivity and packed product-ready allowing us to start making corridors as soon as it’s installed.
Maximize labor: Over the coming three decades, statistics show that further than 76 million baby boomers will retire and only 46 million new workers will be available to replace them. During this time, demand for labor will continue, making robotization a real and reasonable result.
Flexibility: To start a new task in a traditional product chain involves hours or days of stoner training. On the other hand, with an automated system, reprogramming a robot or machine is a simple and fast process that provides lesser inflexibility in the product process.
Improved human capacity: The systems that companies apply to automate their services not only perform the tasks that a mortal being would do, but they’re able to perform functions that exceed the capabilities of a real person. They’re better in size, weight, speed and resistance, among other characteristics.
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